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Geraldine Jolly Borozan made this scrapbook in 1937 when she was nineteen years old. Most scrapbooks mark weddings, graduations, and other life events.

Gerry’s album commemorates a massacre.

“My mom kept a good book... All my family was here: my mom, my dad, my uncles. Because they wanted to form a union. Back in them days, they had no rights as workers.”

George Patterson
Manuel Garcia
Lucious Armstrong
George Patterson
Capt. Mooney
Archie Paterson
Lupe Marshall Gallardo
Lupe Marshall Gallardo
& The Mexican Popular Front
The La Follette Committee
Harry Harper
Women’s Auxiliary

“Someone shouted that there was a badly wounded man behind the police. I saw the man was in a bad way. His right leg was saturated with blood. From the appearance of his face, he was losing blood rapidly. I attempted to make a tourniquet around the main artery of the right thigh. I asked the police to give me something better [for the tourniquet] or to assist me. They only laughed at us and swore at us. I was going away [with the injured man in his car to get medical attention] when a policeman on my left pulled his gun and told me to stop. Another policeman on my right said “We’ll get one of the sons (so-and-sos) anyway.” So I pleaded with them and told them this man was in such condition that if he did not get medical attention at once he would die in a few minutes. So they dragged him out [of the car]. They swore at us again. Four constables got hold of the man, one by each arm, and one by the left knee and one by the tourniquet. As he grabbed the tourniquet, it slipped to the knee and the blood was pouring out...I saw him [the injured man] at the South Chicago Hospital about 50 minutes later, when the police wagon arrived with him. He was dead, had not been attended to, and the tourniquet was still around his knee.”

Condensed from La Follette commission testimony pgs. 4967-68

The Memorial Day

A story told through Museum objects saved by Southeast Chicago residents


Captain James L. Mooney





PRODUCED BY: Christine Walley, Chris Boebel


STORY NARRATIVE: Chris Boebel, Christine Walley, Jeff Soyk

PROJECT MANAGERS: Christine Walley, Jeff Soyk

RESEARCH: Christine Walley, Rod Sellers




VIDEO EDITING: Paige Mazurek, Chris Boebel


SOUND DESIGN: Billy Wirasnik, Chris Boebel



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Thanks to the Southeast Chicago residents who donated artifacts relating to the Memorial Day Massacre to the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum. Our gratitude in particular to the Borozan family – Gerry Jolly Borazan’s scrapbook forms the heart of this story. Thanks also to Mike Borozan for participating in the opening and closing videos and for donating family photographs. Many items relating to the Memorial Day Massacre were donated by late labor leader Ed Sadlowski, an aficionado of union history and one of the founders of the Southeast Chicago History Project. Bill Bork donated audiotapes of oral histories conducted with George Patterson, Emil Badornac, and Sam Evett for a master’s thesis from 1975 that were key to the storytelling. Museum Director Rod Sellers and his Museology students from Washington High School, located across the street from the Memorial Day Massacre site, conducted oral histories with Gerry Borozan and Mollie West. Rod Sellers also shot video of countless Memorial Day Massacre commemorations sponsored by Local 1033 of USW. Our gratitude to all.



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